Acceptance of homosexuality through education? Investigating the role of education, family background and individual characteristics in the United Kingdom.

Publikationsår: 2017

la Roi, Chaïm & Jornt J. Mandemakers

Social Science Research71, 109-128. doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2017.12.006

Sammanfattning

Higher educated people tend to be more accepting of homosexuality than lower educated people. This has inspired claims that education leads to a higher acceptance of homosexuality. Alternatively, the association between education and acceptance of homosexuality could be confounded by (un)observed family background and stable individual characteristics. This study investigated the association between education and acceptance of homosexuality and the role of potential confounders in a unique longitudinal sample of British siblings. Multilevel and fixed effects analyses show that both perspectives apply. A large part of the association between education and acceptance of homosexuality could be attributed to family background and observed individual characteristics (one third), as well as unobserved individual characteristics (an additional third), but the positive association remains. Findings are discussed in light of existing explanations regarding the effect of education on the acceptance of homosexuality.

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