Victor Yakovenko, University of Maryland
By analogy with the probability distribution of energy in statistical physics, I argue that the probability distribution of money in a closed economic system should follow the exponential Boltzmann-Gibbs law. Analysis of the empirical data shows that income distribution in the USA has a well-defined two-class structure. The majority of the population (about 97%) belongs to the lower class characterized by the exponential ("thermal") distribution. The upper class (about 3% of the population) is characterized by the Pareto power-law ("superthermal") distribution, and its share of the total income expands and contracts dramatically during bubbles and busts in financial markets. The probability distribution of energy consumption per capita around the world also follows the exponential Boltzmann-Gibbs law, which is consistent with entropy maximization. For more information, see http://physics.umd.edu/~yakovenk/econophysics/, Reviews of Modern Physics 81, 1703 (2009), New Journal of Physics 12, 075032 (2010). This work is currently supported by the Institute for New Economic Thinking, http://ineteconomics.org/grants/
Värdar för seminariet är Peter Hedström, David Sumpter och Fredrik Liljeros från Institutet för Framtidsstudier. Seminariet är gratis och äger rum kl. 12.30-14.00 på Institutet för Framtidsstudier, Holländargatan 13, Stockholm.