Labour Migrants Unbound?

Publication year: 2006

Kristof Tamas and Rainer Münz

Institutet för Framtidsstudiers skriftserie: Framtidens samhälle nr 2, 2006

The future always seems to come as a surprise. A good example would be the eastern enlargement of the EU two years ago. Regardless of the fact that Sweden was the only out of the 15 old EU-countries that did not implement any transition rules whatsoever for the new EU-citizens, there was no rush of either workforce or social tourists. Germany and Austria, that had limited free movement, are now struggling with high unemployment and illegal work. It is the demand for workforce that steers migration within the EU – not regulations. Currently other countries, such as Finland, Greece, Portugal and Spain, are open for free movement.

This report is a comparison of four countries – Sweden with its lack of specific regulations and Great Britain with loose regulations, and Austria and Germany that both have specific regulations for migration of the new EU-citizens.

Table of Content

Introduction
Sweden
United Kingdom
Austria
Germany
Comparison and conclusions

Out of supply

Publication year: 2006

Kristof Tamas and Rainer Münz

Institutet för Framtidsstudiers skriftserie: Framtidens samhälle nr 2, 2006

The future always seems to come as a surprise. A good example would be the eastern enlargement of the EU two years ago. Regardless of the fact that Sweden was the only out of the 15 old EU-countries that did not implement any transition rules whatsoever for the new EU-citizens, there was no rush of either workforce or social tourists. Germany and Austria, that had limited free movement, are now struggling with high unemployment and illegal work. It is the demand for workforce that steers migration within the EU – not regulations. Currently other countries, such as Finland, Greece, Portugal and Spain, are open for free movement.

This report is a comparison of four countries – Sweden with its lack of specific regulations and Great Britain with loose regulations, and Austria and Germany that both have specific regulations for migration of the new EU-citizens.

Table of Content

Introduction
Sweden
United Kingdom
Austria
Germany
Comparison and conclusions

Out of supply