Markström, Klas , L. Andrén & C. Casselgren | 2018

*Combinatorics, Probability and Computing*, 1-21. doi:10.1017/S096354831800055X, Cambridge University Press.

**Abstract**

An n × n partial Latin square P is called α-dense if each row and column has at most αn non-empty cells and each symbol occurs at most αn times in P. An n × n array A where each cell contains a subset of {1,…, n} is a (βn, βn, βn) -array if each symbol occurs at most βn times in each row and column and each cell contains a set of size at most βn. Combining the notions of completing partial Latin squares and avoiding arrays, we prove that there are constants α, β > 0 such that, for every positive integer n, if P is an α-dense n × n partial Latin square, A is an n × n (βn, βn, βn)-array, and no cell of P contains a symbol that appears in the corresponding cell of A, then there is a completion of P that avoids A; that is, there is a Latin square L that agrees with P on every non-empty cell of P, and, for each i, j satisfying 1 ≤ i, j ≤ n, the symbol in position (i, j) in L does not appear in the corresponding cell of A.

Read more about the article: Restricted completion of sparse partial Latin squares.